Tip #1 Take Notes
Taking notes is a vital TOEFL listening tip. Students actually are not keen to take notes in an effective manner. It is a crucial skill to develop and needs a lot of practice. While practicing they can develop a pattern and learn a code which helps them to keep a track of long conversations and lectures.
Ways to Take Notes?
In a conversation, they must develop a system of using the symbols, abbreviations, and capital letters to denote frequent topics like P for paper, Pf for professor and C for classes. Also, organize the notes into a table. With the progress of the audio, they can also organize the main points of each speaker.
There can be a way to understand notes. There is no need to write full words, and the first syllable of long words or an abbreviation will help. They can use the symbols also. The type of characters, abbreviations, and symbols do not really matter but the point is that the candidate must understand it freely.
While listening to lectures:
Make a flow chart. There must be a column for main ideas, and arrows to support examples, major facts, or different ideas. Also, give importance to the connecting words, and follow how the lecture is organized. There are a few words, after which important information follows. These words are clues, and it is better to pay attention to what follows.
Examples worth listening:
- Adding the information: also, In addition, for example, and furthermore
- An Explanation of results: As a consequence/result, Resultantly, Therefore, and consequently
- Compare and Contrast: in contrast, However, on the other hand
- Citing a reason: Because of, due to, owing to, since, for this reason, and thanks to
TOEFL Listening Tip #2 Paying attention to Tone and Stress
Care to notice from TOEFL Listening files, that there are intonation changes in English. A speaker generally does not have a flat tone in the entire sentence. The test is dramatic with many ups and downs, and you can also notice that native speakers use this, to convey a meaning or an attitude.
As a part of the Listening section, you hear informal conversations of two persons and must answer regarding the attitude of a speaker. Pay attention to the tone of voice, and the words carrying an emphasis. Depending on how the person says a sentence and shortens or lengthens a word you can understand the real meaning. It can denote sarcasm or excitement.
Intonation patterns to listen:
When there is a Confusion or Uncertainty there are multiple pauses and slowing of speech. The speaker uses ‘Um well, or I guess, etc
When there is an Excitement the tone is high
To express a Surprise there is a rising tone followed by - are you kidding? - Or - Are you serious?”
Finally, a Consistent flat tone expresses boredom or indifference
TOEFL Listening Tip #3: Expanding the vocabulary
There are real-life conversations, involving the phrasal verbs, and idiomatic expressions. The vocabulary is influenced by the university.
There is a use of words like Dean, Registrar, Scholarships, Prerequisites, Student Loans, Tuition, Transcripts, Due Dates and Deadlines. Start learning and practicing such words early.
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