Writing assessment criteria in IELTS

IELTS Writing, Assesment Criteria, IELTS Band Scores - Teach5

A candidate in IELTS writing test is assessed in different criteria. Both the academic and general modules have the below assessment criteria.

  • Task Achievement for task-1/ Task Response for task-2
  • Coherence & Cohesion
  • Lexical Resource
  • Grammatical Range & Accuracy

Task Achievement for Part-1

When you are attempting Part 1 of the IELTS writing test, one of the examiner’s marking criteria is Task Achievement. These criteria can often be the one which causes candidates to lose points in their writing.

So what does ‘’task achievement’’ mean and how can you score well on this?

Task achievement is how completely you cover the main points in the question. This could be for example, the main trends for a graph question, the main stages for a process question, or the three bullet points in a General Training letter.

For Part 1 process questions in the Academic Writing paper, you must be sure to mention all the steps in the process question. For example, if the diagram shows the process of recycling glass, you should write about each step – even just a sentence is fine.

For the General Training letter, normally there will be three clear bullet points. You need to mention each of these in your letter, or points will be lost by not effectively achieving the task. You don’t need to write the same amount for each point; just cover the three points.

Meet the word count. The question clearly tells you to write a minimum of 150 words in task 1. That means a minimum of 150 words, not lesser. If you fail to do this, you may lose a whole band score. If you are careful to cover the main points, then you are on the road to achieving band 6 or above.

Task Response for Part-2

When you are attempting Part 2 of the IELTS writing test, make sure you answer all parts of the tasks. Often IELTS task 2 questions will give you 2 or 3 powriting-assessment-criteriaints to consider. If you fail to answer all parts of the question, you may get a low band score. It is important to plan the answer well. Use your introduction to state your position and then explain your position in more detail in each paragraph.

Extend and support main ideas. Every IELTS essay question includes language to tell you to support your ideas with reasons and examples from your own experience. Do this. If you do not, you will not be answering the question.

Meet the word count. The question clearly tells you to 250 words in task 2. That means a minimum of 250 words. If you fail to do this, you may lose a whole band score.

Coherence and Cohesion

The way you organize the information, use of proper lexical devices and how well you paraphrase the sentences is determined. The number of paragraphs are also considered. Splitting your essay into many or less may reduce your band score.

Lexical Resource

The use of indispensable vocabulary, word formations, correct spellings are considered while scoring this criterion. Always avoid using idioms, quotes and informal language.

Grammatical Range & Accuracy

Your sentence structures, usage of simple & complex statements with clear idea and correct usage of tenses with a good control over Grammar help you score this criterion.

Example of Score Calculation

Assessment for Writing Task-1:

Task Achievement- 8
Coherence & Cohesion- 7.5
Lexical Resource- 6.5
Grammatical Range & Accuracy-7
So the total score for task 1 is calculated by adding all the criteria and dividing by 4
So, 8+7.5+6.5+7= 29/4 = 7.5 (even 7.25 is considered as 7.5 in overall calculation)

Assessment for Writing Task-2:

Task Achievement- 7
Coherence & Cohesion- 7.5
Lexical Resource- 7.5
Grammatical Range & Accuracy-7
So the total score for task 2 is calculated by adding all the criteria and dividing by 4
So, 7+7.5+7.5+7= 29/4 = 7.5 (even 7.25 is considered as 7.5 in overall calculation)

Total writing score = combination of task 1 and task 2 = 7.5+7.5 divided by 2 =15/2 = Band score 7.5

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